Microsoft introduced Windows 10 Pro for Workstation, recently the latest variant of its operating system, something that extends a family that theoretically was going to have fewer members than the old editions of Windows.
It has not been so, and this development has come more editions than anyone would have imagined. Many of us do not know about the number of Windows 10 editions or the names of those and their differences. So, this article is for those who are unaware of this concept. Let us see all those editions and differences now.
12 Windows 10 Editions and their Differences
We currently have up to 12 different editions of Windows 10, so it is worth checking all of them to know what each one offers.
Although Microsoft has been literally years talking about its ‘One Windows’ approach, in the end, the responsibility of the firm has been launching different editions to adapt them to very specific scenarios and in which certain benefits were unnecessary and others were obligatory.
That has made the diversity of variants of Windows 10 surprising, and in fact, they have surpassed the six editions of Windows 7 and the four editions of Windows 8, and yes, they had some additional versions for certain regional markets.
In the case of Windows 10, as we say, the appearance of more and more editions is being singular, and to date, we have no less than a dozen different versions, each with certain specific characteristics. Let us see the list now.
1. Windows 10 Home
It is the original basic edition oriented to desktop PCs and laptops, tablets and convertibles, and includes all the features oriented to the conventional end user for this type of equipment.
It includes Cortana, Microsoft Edge browser, tablet mode support and Windows Hello biometric technology. It includes several native applications such as Mail, Photos, Maps, Calendar, Music and Video, and we also have specific options for those users who enjoy games with the Game Bar as the protagonist.
2. Windows 10 Pro
As in the previous case, this edition is oriented to those same types of the device but in addition to integrating everything that already has the Home version, several options specific to professionals and SMEs are added.
Other improvements include support for joining teams to a working domain, support for group policy management or to use BitLocker technology and Remote Desktop. Updates are also more prevalent and apply technologies such as Device Guard, which allow companies to secure their devices against external threats with more power.
3. Windows 10 Enterprise
A step further in the case of professional users, we have the Enterprise edition, which is aimed at larger companies and above all adds capabilities in protecting those business computers and the data that are handled by them.
This edition can only be accessed through the Microsoft Volume Licensing program, and among the most outstanding features is the so-called DirectAccess, which allows remote users to access an internal network through a VPN-like system. We also have AppLocker, which allows administrators to restrict certain applications on certain devices, something important for mobile workers.
4. Windows 10 Education
That name might confuse us because although this edition is effectively oriented to educational environments, it is not for students, but for the templates that make up those academic organizations.
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In fact, the base is Windows 10 Enterprise, so we also have technologies such as AppLocker, Device Guard or DirectAccess, and because in that edition access to this edition of Windows 10 is restricted to the Microsoft Volume Licensing program. A unique difference with previous versions: Cortana is disabled in this edition according to the compilation of Windows 10 used.
5. Windows 10 Pro Education
Small “advanced” edition of the previous one that was launched in July 2016 for hardware manufacturers who could enjoy special licenses for primary and secondary education in countries like the United States or Australia (known as ” K-12 “).
The fundamental difference was the provisioning capability offered through the “Set Up School PCs” application that allows installing the operating system and certain preferences common to an educational /academic environment through a USB drive. It does not include Cortana, nor the suggestions of the Windows store nor Windows Spotlight.
6. Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB
Another specialized version, in this case, it is directly derived from the Enterprise edition, which differs from the latter in the long-term support.
These editions with extended support plans are published every two or three years and the most interesting thing is that they guarantee 10 years of support with security updates after launch, although after (intentionally) they do not receive security updates again. Some native Windows applications and the Windows Store application store are not included in this edition.
7. Windows 10 Mobile
The edition of Windows 10 oriented to smartphones and small tablets are not having (so far) the success that was expected but is still one of the most striking variants of this operating system.
This edition includes all end-user-oriented options for these devices, including Continuum technology or the Office (mobile) (and touch) version.
8. Windows 10 Mobile Enterprise
We also have a business variant of the Microsoft mobile platform, which, like the differentiation between the end-user and enterprise version of Windows 10 for desktop computers, comes with features specific to those business mobile users.
It is also obtained through volume licenses, and among the most important differences are the control and management of updates and the control of telemetry. The management of “fleets” of enterprise devices and some improvements in security features are also among those differences.
9. Windows 10 IoT
The natural successor to what was once the Windows Embedded branch is designed for that new wave of solutions on the Internet of Things and in fact, has three sub-editions: IoT Core, IoT Enterprise, and IoT Mobile Enterprise.
We know well the first of these three sub-editions, especially for its support of the Raspberry Pi 2 and 3. The Enterprise version is more oriented to integrated solutions in companies of production of all type of products, and here Microsoft has long invited any developer to freely download these versions (that do not include a Windows 10 desktop as such) to work with them and with all kinds of IoT solutions.
10. Windows 10 S
One of the most controversial editions of this operating system is Windows 10 S, Microsoft’s commitment to the cloud and education to compete with features such as Chrome OS.
The result is a variant of Windows 10 that restricts the installation of applications to the Windows Store and thereby seeks greater security and control. Although the idea is interesting, the state of the Microsoft application store makes for the moment this edition has had a cold welcome in the market.
11. Windows 10 Team
Microsoft launched its unique Surface Hub, the smart TVs with a very special version of Windows 10 that was oriented to conference rooms. That version is an adaptation of Windows 10 Enterprise.
Among the differences are the use of a touch interface, the presence of a welcome screen that replaces the lock screen in addition to specialized applications such as the whiteboard, of course, Skype for Business , in addition to other adapted such as File explorer or the Configuration tool, with certain sections specific to this device.
12. Windows 10 Pro for Workstations
The latest available editions of Windows 10 have been created for users of workstations and servers with more advanced and ambitious hardware specifications.
Among these improvements, the integration of a file system called Resilient File System (ReFS) specialized for large volumes of data, persistent memory support (NVDIMM-N modules), better transfers in shared folders with SMB Direct and support for hardware configurations Specialized with Intel Xeon and AMD Opteron macros with up to four CPUs (the limit was two previously) and up to 6 TB of memory (the limit was 2 TB).